Archive for February, 2012

Arena Amazonia, Manaus

February 29, 2012

City: Manaus, capital of the State of Amazonas.

Capacity: 44,000 attendants.
Manaus has no tradition at all in football; the local teams can’t attract more than a few thousand attendants per match; the stadium is certain to be under used after the World Cup is finished.

Official name: Estádio Vivaldo Lima.
Origins of name: Vivaldo Palva Lima was a doctor and politician (Senator).
Unlike several Brazilian stadiums which were named after the Governor who built them (like Castelao, Mineirao, Machadao, Verdao and others), the Vivaldao was named after a policitian who was already dead when the stadium was inaugurated.
Vivaldo Lima had relevant participation in the social, cultural, philanthropic and sports scene of Manaus; to mention only his sports merits, he was President of two important clubs in Manaus, Nacional and Fast.
During the World Cup, Brazil will try to push the name Arena Amazonia; the Amazon is the largest rain forest in the World, with potential to attract tourists from all over the World.
The main reason to choose Manaus as a host city was to give it an opportunity to gain world exposure during the World Cup.

Design: GMP (also worked in the Mineirao project).

Constructor: Andrade Gutierrez (also worked in the National Stadium of Brasilia).

Estimated cost: R$ 533 million.

Matches and teams: Manaus will host only four matches of the World Cup Brazil.
Dates of matches:
June 14th (Saturday):
June 18th (Wednesday):
June 22nd (Sunday):
June 25th (Wednesday):

Map of Arena Amazonas:

More photos and images:

Above: project of the new Arena Amazonia, with the city of Manaus and the river Amazonas in the background.


Photo above: photo of the old Vivaldao, from aproximately the same point of view as the previous image.


Above: August 2010, the demolition of Vivaldao was nearly finished.


Above: Arena Amazonia, January 2012.

arena-amazonia-building
Above: October 2012 (source).

More information:
» World Cup in Manaus.

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Arena Pantanal, Cuiaba

February 29, 2012

City: Cuiaba, capital of the State of Mato Grosso.

Capacity: 43,600 attendants.

Official name: Estádio José Fragelli.
Origin of name: Jose Fragelli was Governor of Mato Grosso from 1970 to 1974; the stadium started building during his term in office.
The stadium is more commonly referred to as Verdao (the Big Green), due to the fact that both inside and outside of the stadium, the predominant color is green (see photo further below).
The Government of Mato Grosso will use the World Cup try to push the new name, Arena Pantanal. Pantanal is one of the largest and richest biomes in Brazil (it beats the Amazon in variety of fauna), with potentials to attract eco-tourists from all over the World; actually, the main reason to elect Cuiaba as a host city was to bring marketing exposure to the Pantanal.

Design: GCP.

Constructors: Mendes Junior and Santa Barbara.

Estimated cost: R$ 600 million.

Teams and matches: Cuiaba will be one of the four host cities which will host only four matches of the World Cup 2014 (the other ones are Manaus, Curitiba and Natal); these are considered the least relevant host cities.
Cuiaba is, along with Manaus, the most isolated of the World Cup cities, and one of the smallest in size; even though Cuiaba should become a success with eco-tourists, it is unlikely that the National Teams would prefer to have the city as a base.
Dates of matches:
June 13th (Friday):
June 17th (Tuesday):
June 21st (Saturday):
June 24th (Tuesday):

Map of the Arena Pantanal Stadium:

More images and photos of Arena Pantanal:

Photo above: the old Verdao (the Big Green); notice the predominance of Green all around the stadium.


Above: in May 2010, with the implosion of the second tower, the entire stadium is already down.


The new Pantanal aims to be the most eco-friendly stadium in Brazil; the project shows a preoccupation with an optimum use of space.


Above: December 2011.

More information:
» World Cup in Cuiaba (see also information in Portuguese).

Arena da Baixada, Curitiba

February 29, 2012

City: Curitiba, capital of the State of Parana.

Capacity: 42,000 attendants.

Official name: Estádio Joaquim Américo Guimarães.
Origin of name: Joaquim Americo Guimaraes was the founder of Internacional Football Club, which later would become today’s Clube Atletico Paranaense, owner of the stadium.
The stadium is much more commonly referred to as Arena da Baixada. “Baixada”, in Portuguese, means “the low areas”; when Joaquim Guimaraes first thought of building a stadium, back in 1912, he purchased an area in the then distant, lower, wet suburbs of Curitiba, called “Baixadao da Agua Verde”; today, Agua Verde (which means Green Water), where the stadium is located, is one of the noblest areas of Curitiba.

Owner of Stadium: Clube Atletico Paranaense (Brazilian champion of 2001, several times champion of the State).
Arena da Baixada is one of the two privately owned stadiums of the World Cup 2014; the other one is Beira-Rio, in Porto Alegre.
Thanks to professional management, Arena da Baixada is considered one of the most modern stadiums in Brazil (it was the first to offer free wi-fi, and one of the few with a central surveillance system).
On the other hand, because the stadium is less subject to political exposition, there are fewer information (such as cost of investments, photos, etc) about the progress of the works; Atletico is spending their own money, so they have less obligation to provide information to the public.

Design and architecture: Carlos Arcos and  many others.

Constructors: CYD, Schlaich Bergermann und Partner and others.

Estimated cost: R$ 180 million.
This is the lowest budget of all venues of the World Cup 2014, and again it has to do with the fact that the stadium is privately owned.
Atletico must think on the return of investments (for example, to take loans, to hire contractors, etc); there once was a possibility that, for being so cautious with investments, Arena da Baixada would be discarded from the Cup.
Most of the original stadium (which had undergone complete renovation about ten years ago) was preserved, and just an expansion is planned; today’s capacity is 25,000, which should jump to about 42,000.
Atletico had for a few years a naming rights contract with Kyocera; the contract should be renovated in 2008 (when Brazil had already been announced as the host of the World Cup 2014), but Atletico was so sure that Arena would be a stage of matches that it decided not to renovate it.

Matches and teams: Curitiba will host only four matches of the World Cup, all in the first stage.
It is certain that Brazil will not play in Curitiba.
Possible candidates: Curitiba has a cold climate in June, which could attract countries looking to escape the hot weather, such as Sweden or Norway. Besides, the State of Parana has communities of immigrants from Japan, Italy and Poland, whose teams could feel a bit more at home in Curitiba.
Dates of matches:
June 16th (Monday):
June 20th (Friday):
June 23rd (Monday):
June 26th (Thursday):

Map of Arena da Baixada, Curitiba:

More photos and images:

Photo above: the Arena in 2008; even with the missing parts, the stadium was fully working.


Photo above: February 2012.

More information:
» World Cup in Curitiba.
» Brazil World Cup.

Mineirao, Belo Horizonte

February 28, 2012

City: Belo Horizonte, capital city of the State of Minas Gerais.

Capacity: 67,000 attendants.
According to wikipedia, Mineirao is today the second largest stadium in Brazil (the largest one being Maracana). Morumbi used to be the undisputed second biggest, but after successive renovations (which increase comfort and reduce seat space), the number will fall under the current 68,000 (anyway, Morumbi will not host the Cup).
However, after the Cup, Castelao Stadium, in the northeastern city of Fortaleza, can become the second largest stadium in Brazil; official informed capacity was 67,037, but the figures (neither Mineirao’s nor Castelao’s) don’t make a clear distinction between actual attendance seatings, media seatings, VIP seatings, etc.

Official name: Estádio Governador Magalhaes Pinto.
Origin of name: Jose de Magalhaes Pinto was Governor of the State of Minas Gerais between 1961 and 1966; the stadium was built during his term in office.
The stadium is much more commonly referred to as Mineirao, which means “the big Mineiro” (Mineiro is someone who’s born in the State of Minas Gerais).

Design: Gustavo Penna e Associados and GMP.

Constructors: Construcap, Egesa and Hap.

Estimated cost: R$ 667 million.

Matches and teams: Belo Horizonte will host six matches of the World Cup, including one of the semi-finals.
In the likely event of the Brazilian team finishing first placed in the groups stage, then it will play a match in Belo Horizonte.
Dates of matches:
June 14th (Saturday):
June 17th (Tuesday):
June 21st (Saturday):
June 24th (Tuesday):
June 28th (Saturday): Round of 16
July 8th (Tuesday): semi-final
Belo Horizonte is confirmed as one of the host cities of the Confederations Cup, in 2013.
It is worth noticing that Minas Gerais was a host of the World Cup 1950, but matches were in the Estadio Independencia, and not in Mineirao (which didn’t exist).

Map of Mineirao stadium, Belo Horizonte:

More images and photos of Mineirao:

Above: artistic image of the complex Mineirao (football arena) and Mineirinho (indoor sports arena).


Photo above: October 2011.


Above: February 2012.

More information:
» World Cup Belo Horizonte (see also information in Portuguese).
» Brazil 2014

Arena Pernambuco – Recife

February 28, 2012

City: Recife, capital of the State of Pernambuco.
Actually, the stadium is located in the city of Sao Lourenco da Mata, in the metropolitan area of Recife; Sao Lourenco has no airport and poor travel infrastructure, hence the attendants of the Cup should stay in Recife.
Pernambuco is one of the most traditional States of the Brazilian football championships, so it was clear from the beginning that a host city should be here. However, two cities claimed the post: Recife (where free terrains are few and expensive) and Olinda (where there is plently of free land – but the pride of Recife would not accept as location of the new stadium).
An area in the border of the cities was the first attempted location – but the cost of buying the land proved to be prohibitive.
Sao Lourenco was then chosen as a compromise solution; the arena will be built in public lands.

Capacity: 46,000 attendants.

Official Name: Arena Pernambuco.
Origin of name: named after the State, Pernambuco.
The first name was Arena Capibaribe, after the big river which cuts the region.

Design: Fernandes Arquitetos Associados.

Constructor: Odebrecht.
The Government of Pernambuco signed a PPP contract with Odebrecht to build not only the Arena, but a whole complex called City of the Cup, which will include residential and business towers, hotel, shopping center, etc.(no other host city will have anything comparable).
American entertainment group AEG will operate the Arena.
Because there will be private investments and professional management, it is unlikely that Arena Pernambuco would become an underused white elephant after the Cup; one of the major clubs in Recife, Nautico, already signed a contract to stage matches in the Arena; besides, Recife is one of the fastest growing regions in Brazil (much thanks to the industrial complex of Suape), and is attracting more and more (and bigger) events.

Estimated cost: R$ 495 million.

Matches and teams: Recife will host five matches of the World Cup.
The teams are not defined yet, but it is known that the Brazilian team will not play in Recife.
The Dutch (who occupied Recife for 27 years) and the British (who had many business in the city in the beginning of the 20th century – so much that a British cemitery was created) have strong connections with Recife.
Dates of matches:
June 14th (Saturday):
June 20th (Friday):
June 23rd (Monday):
June 26th (Thursday):
June 29th (Sunday):
Recife can still be one of the hosts of the Confederations Cup, in 2013, provided that the works be finished before December 2012.

More images and photos of Arena Pernambuco:

Above: Cidade da Copa project; by 2014, only the Arena and a few buildings should be ready; the full project will extend for many years.


Two photos above: circa January 2012. Notice that not only a stadium, but an entire city is being built; the Government and FIFA claim that the stadium will be ready by January 2012. Notice also the city of Recife, far in the background.


Image above: in February 2012, Odebrecht informed that the works were 30% done and released new images of the stadium; the holes in the structure will allow light to shine from inside out.

More information:
» World Cup in Recife (read also information in Portuguese).
» World Cup 2014 Brazil.

Arena das Dunas – Natal

February 28, 2012

City: Natal, capital of the State of Rio Grande do Norte.

Capacity:  32,000 attendants.

Official name: Arena das Dunas – Estadio Joao Carlos de Vasconcelos Machado.
Origin of name: Natal is known as City of Dunes; all the Brazilian coast from Rio Grande do Norte to Maranhao is covered by dunes (the dunes of Lencois Maranhenses attract tourists from all over the World).
Joao Carlos de Vasconcelos Machado is the engineer who designed the old stadium, popularly known as Machadao.
It is not certain yet whether the new arena will maintain the old name.

Design: Populous (formerly HOK Sport Venue Event).

Constructor: OAS.

Estimated cost: R$ 400 million.
The budget of Arena das Dunas is the most uncertain of all venues of the World Cup 2014.
First off, the initial project was totally changed. The image at the top of this page shows that the project included the construction of the stadium, the reconstruction of the entire Government administration, and the inclusion of a complex of hotels, business towers, etc. Today, the stadium alone (see image below) would make everybody happy enough.
In March 2010, the Government was still thinking how to conduct the bidding. The first tender had no bidders (November 2010). It was only in March 2011 that the constructor (OAS) was defined.
Rumors go that, to not run the risk of staying out of the Cup, Natal was very generous with OAS; the newspapers inform that the total cost of the stadium would fetch R$ 1 billion.

Matches and teams: Natal will host four matches of the Cup 2014, all in the first stage.
The most important teams in Natal do not play in the major divisions, and very rarely are they capable of bringing 10,000 fans to the stadium. Natal is a certain candidate to host one of the white elephants of the World Cup, once the event is finished (the other ones will be in Cuiaba, Manaus and Brasilia).
The eight teams which will play in Natal are not known yet, but it is certain that the Brazil team is not coming.
Two countries have strong Historic ties with Natal: Netherlands (which invaded Natal back in the 1600s) and USA (many American soldiers came to Natal during the World War II); Dutch and Americans would have much to see.
Dates of the matches:
June 13th (Friday):
June 16th (Monday):
June 19th (Thursday):
June 24th (Tuesday):

Map of Arena das Dunas stadium, Natal:

More images and photos of Arena das Dunas:


Above: the new project, much simpler than the original one (top of this page).


Photo above: November 2011, when the demolition of the old stadium Machadao started.


Above: Febrary 2012; Arena das Dunas was the most delayed of all stadiums of the World Cup 2014.

More information:
» World Cup in Natal.

Castelao – Fortaleza

February 28, 2012

City: Fortaleza, capital of the State of Ceara.

Capacity: 67,037 attendants.

Official name: Estadio Governador Plácido Castelo.
Origin of name: Placido Aderaldo Castelo was Governor of the State of Ceara from 1966 to 1971; the stadium was built during his term in office.
Notice that the name Castelao means also “big castle” in Portuguese; actually, most Brazilians associate the name of the stadium to a castle, rather than the Governor.

DesignVigliecca & Associados.

Constructors: Galvao Engenharia and Andrade Mendonça.
Total area: 230.000 m²
Constructed area:  155.000 m²

Estimated cost: R$ 520 million.

Matches and teams: Fortaleza will host six matches of the World Cup and three matches of the Confederations Cup.
The Brazil team will certainly play one match in Castelao, with good chances to play twice (there are two ways of Brazil playing the second match in Fortaleza: either if the team finishes second placed in the first stage, or if it finishes leader of first stage and wins the following match).
A growing number of Portuguese, Spanish and Italian citizens have a second residence in Fortaleza; these countries could benefit from playing here.
Below, dates of matches:
June 14th 2014 (Saturday):
June 17th (Tuesday): Brazil x
June 21st (Saturday):
June 24th (Tuesday): Round of 16
June 29th (Sunday): Quarter Final
July 4th (Friday):

(Update, November 2012): Fortaleza is confirmed as one of the hosts cities of the Confederations Cup, in 2013. Schedule of matches:
June 19th 2013 (Wednesday): Brazil x Mexico
June 23rd (Sunday): Spain x
June 27th (Thursday): Semifinal

FIFA is happy with the fast pace of works in Fortaleza, and the city is a strong candidate to host the final draw of the World Cup 2014.

Map of the Castelao Stadium, in Fortaleza:

More images and photos of the Castelao stadium:


Photo above: June 12nd 2011, when sectors of the Castelao stadium were imploded.


Photo above: February 2012, when workers stopped working for two days, claiming better salaries.

castelao-near-completion
Photo above: October 2012; more than 90% of the works were done.

castelao-finished

castelao-first-stadium-world-cup-ready
Two photos above (source): December 16th 2012, Castelão is officially the first stadium of the World Cup Brazil to be ready for the event; President Dilma Rousseff had the honour of the first kick off, and didn’t miss the opportunity to deliver a highly overoptmistic speech about the chances of Brazil “to win the World Cup not only inside the stadiums, but also outside”.
There was no official match; the first matches will be January 27th 2013.

Below: a flight over the Castelão, a few moments before the inauguration.

More information:
» World Cup in Fortaleza (also in Portuguese).

Beira Rio – Porto Alegre

February 27, 2012

City: Porto Alegre, capital of the State of Rio Grande do Sul.

Capacity: 56,000 attendants.

Official name: Estádio José Pinheiro Borda.
Origin of the name: Jose Pinheiro Borda was a fan of Internacional SC who worked diligently to build the stadium; very few people call the stadium by this name, though.
The stadium is known all across Brazil as the Beira Rio, which means “by the river”. The stadium was located by the river Guaiba (actually, a lagoon – see image above), which washes Porto Alegre.

Owner of stadium: Internacional FC.
This is one of the two private stadiums of the World Cup 2014 (the other one is Arena da Baixada, in Curitiba).
In Porto Alegre, there was a discussion which didn’t happen anywhere else in Brazil: which stadium should host the matches of the Cup.
The other important club in Porto Alegre is Gremio FBPA (Porto Alegre is the only city in the World with two World Champions teams), and the rivalry between Inter and Gremio is unparalleled, even in Brazil.
Gremio is building a new arena, the Arena Gremio, which many say would fit best to the World Cup, and is in a more advanced stage of construction (Inter is struggling with banks to get funds to invest in Beira Rio).
Gremio bidded to be the host, but the reasons why Inter was chosen were not revealed; given the delays in the Beira-Rio, Gremio lobbied to host matches in Arena Gremio; if not the World Cup, at least the matches of the Confederations Cup, in 2013.

Design, architecture and engineering:  Hype Studio; Santini e Rocha Arquitetos; Simom Engenharia.
Total area: 305.470 m²
Constructed area: 171.082 m²

Estimated cost:  R$ 290 million; because the stadium is privately owned, costs tend to be lower, but fewer details about the contracts will be disclosed.

Matches and Teams: Porto Alegre will stage five matches.
Nine teams will play in Porto Alegre (one team will certainly play twice). Teams are not known yet, but it is certain that the Brazilian team will not play in Porto Alegre.
Below, the dates of the matches; teams will be published as soon as they become known.
June 15th 2014 (Sunday):
June 18th 2014 (Wednesday):
June 22nd 2014 (Sunday):
June 25th (Wednesday):
June 30th (Monday):

Map of Beira-Rio Stadium

More photos of Beira-Rio stadium:


Photo above: January 2012. Very little had been done.

More information:
» World Cup in Porto Alegre (also in Portuguese).
» Brazil World Cup.

National Stadium Mane Garrincha – Brasilia

February 27, 2012

City: Brasilia.

Capacity: 71,400 attendants.

Official name: Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha (National Stadium Mane Garrincha).
Origin of name: Brasilia is the Federal Capital of Brazil, hence many official buildings are called National, such as the National Theatre Claudio Santoro, National Museum Honestino Guimaraes and National Library.
Mane Garrincha was a famous and popular Brazilian football player (he was a star in the World Cups of 1958 and 1962); he was nicknamed the Joy of the People, and many consider Garrincha better than Pele. Garrincha was not born and never lived in Brasilia.

Design: Castro Mello Arquitetos.
It’s worth notice that most of the National monuments in Brasilia were designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, the man who designed Brasilia. According to law, Niemeyer, who’s still alive, should be heard to give opinions on the design of the new stadium, if he so wanted, but he gave it up.

Constructors: Andrade Gutierrez (also working in the Arena Amazonia, in Manaus) and Via Engenharia.
Total area: 120.000 m²
Constructed area: 214.000 m²

Estimated cost: R$ 671 million.

Matches and Teams: Brasilia will host seven matches, including the match for third place. The only other stadium to host seven matches is Maracana, in Rio de Janeiro, which will stage also the final match of the World Cup; all other cities will host less than seven matches.
The teams are yet to be defined. It is already known, though, that the Brazilian team will play at least one match in Brasilia (a second match, only if playing for the third place).
Below, the dates of the matches; teams will be published as soon as they become known.
June 15th 2014 (Sunday):
June 19th 2014 (Thursday):
June 23rd 2014 (Monday): Brazil x
June 26th 2014 (Thursday):
June 30th 2014 (Monday): Round of 16
July 5th 2014 (Saturday): Quarter final
July 12th 2014 (Saturday): Match for third place

Map of Mane Garrincha stadium.

More Photos of Mane Garrincha National Stadium.


Above: in May 2011, the whole stadium was to be imploded, but, even after two attempts, part of the structure remained standing, and had to be demolished with tractors.


Above: November 2012. The photo shows how redish the Brasilia soil is. In the background, one can see the TV Tower (center of image) and the twin buildings of the Brazilian Congress.


Photo above: January 2012.

More information:
» World Cup in Brasilia (also in Portuguese).
» World Cup in Brazil.

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February 22, 2012

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