Archive for March, 2012

Stadiums of World Cup Brazil 2014

March 4, 2012

The posts below bring information about each of the twelve stadiums which will stage matches of the World Cup Brazil 2014.

Last updated: December 2012.

Each post brings or will bring:
– Name, capacity and location of the stadium
– Official name, and origins of name
– the designer and the constructor of the stadium
– photos and images of the stadium, including: artistic images of the project, photos of the old stadium, photos of the new stadium being built
– when available, photos of the stadiums during the Cup, as well as the teams which will be performing there.

The Stadiums and respective locations are:

Use the comments below to send comments and suggestions.

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Maracana, Rio de Janeiro

March 1, 2012

City: Rio de Janeiro, capital of the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Capacity: 76,000 attendants.
Maracana will continue to be the undisputed biggest stadium in Brazil. Three stadiums claim to be the second biggest: Castelao, Mineirao and Morumbi, all with capacity around 67,000 attendants.
If Maracana reaches full capacity during the Cup, it will be just fraction of the official record, of nearly 200,000 people, set on the finalmatch of the World Cup 1950 (source).

Official name: Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho.
Origins of name: Mario Filho was a journalist, who used his newspapers to start a campaign for the construction of the stadium in the neighborhood of Maracana.
Maracana is a word of indigenous origin, which refers to certain species of macaw; a river was named after the birds, a district of Rio was named after the river, and the stadium was named after the district.

Design and architecture: the Public Works Department of Rio, Fernandes Arquitetos Associados and Schlaich Bergermann und Partner (this one worked also in Curitiba).

Constructors: Andrade Gutierrez (also working in Manaus and Brasilia), Odebrecht (also working in Sao Paulo and Recife) and Delta.

Estimated cost: costs are mounting quickly: R$ 500 million (December 2009), R$ 720 million (June 2010), R$ 1 billion (May 2011).
Rio has a historic of corruption to build public stadiums. When Rio organized the Pan American Games of 2007, the initial estimated budget was around US$ 200 million, and the actual cost ended up being ten times that amount. The cost Maracana stadium alone was nearly US$ 200 million, money which should suffice to prepare the venue for the Olympic Games of 2016.

Matches and teams: Maracana will stage seven matches of the World Cup, including the final match; only Brasilia will stage as many matches (the smaller cities, such as Natal and Cuiaba, will stage only four matches).
The Brazilian team will play in Maracana only if it manages to reach the final match.
It’s likely that several national teams stay in Rio de Janeiro, even if not playing here; Rio has many training venues, and an excellent hotel infrastructure, which could be used by the teams – and being the most beautiful Brazilian city, will certainly please the fans who follow the teams.
Schedule of matches:
June 15th 2014 (Sunday):
June 18th (Wednesday):
June 22nd (Sunday):
June 25th (Wednesday):
June 28th (Sunday): Round of 16:
July 4th (Friday): Quarter Final:
July 13th (Sunday): Final match:

Matches of the Confederations Cup in Maracanã:
June 16th 2013 (Sunday): Mexico x Italy
June 20th (Thursday): Spain x Tahiti
June 30th (Sunday): Final match

Map of Maracana stadium:

More photos and images of Maracana:

The old (2009) Maracana.
Notice the large train station in the background, which the Government will push as the main access to the matches; Maracana is in a busy neighbourhood, and traffic is a problem.
In front, one sees Maracanazinho (arena for indoor sports) and Parque Aquatico Julio Delamare; there were attempts to remove both of them to make more room for the expansion of Maracana, but the idea didn’t prevail.


Above: August 2010, tractors start working in Maracana.


Above: December 2011 (source).


Above: February 2012 (source: Government of Rio).

maracana-building
Above: October 2012. According to sources, more than 70% of works were done.
In November, the Government of Rio (owner of the stadium) started the discussion about the concession of Maracanã to private enterprises; the opening session, however, was very controversial.

More information:
» World Cup in Rio.

Arena Corinthians Itaquera – Sao Paulo

March 1, 2012

City: Sao Paulo, capital of the State of Sao Paulo.

Capacity: 48,000 attendants.
This stadium was chosen as stage of the opening match of the World Cup; FIFA required a minimum capacity of 65,000 attendants. The owner of the stadium, Corinthians, will install removable structures to increase capacity during the World Cup.
Update, October 2012. It was announced that Brazilian company Ambev, one of the major beer makers in the World (owner of Budweiser), will sponsor the building of the 20,000 temporary seats of Itaquerão; these seats will be used during the World Cup (to increase capacity from 48,000 to 68,000 seats) and will be removed after the event.

Owner of stadium: Corinthians.
This is one of the three privately owned stadiums of the World Cup 2014; the other two are Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre and Arena da Baixada in Curitiba.
Corinthians is the most popular club in Sao Paulo, as measured by number of fans, and the second one in Brazil.
For decades, Corinthians had been planning to build an stadium up to its popularity; today, the club owns a small stadium called Parque Sao Jorge, which lacks the structure to stage important matches (i.e., any match where Corinthians is playing).

Controversies:
In the 1980s, the Government had granted the use of a large piece of land in Itaquera (a poor district in the suburbs of the city), provided that Corinthians built an stadium right then. Since then, Corinthians had been trying to raise funds to build the stadium, but always failed.
The first option of stadium to host matches of the Cup in Sao Paulo was Morumbi, which belongs to Sao Paulo FC. Sao Paulo FC, however, didn’t agree to make the investments demanded by FIFA.
The then President of Corinthians, Andre Sanchez, is a very close friend of the President of the World Cup Local Committee, Ricardo Teixeira.
By threatening to exclude Sao Paulo of the Cup, FIFA and Teixeira convinced the Federal Government to accept Itaquerao as the venue, and to help Corinthians get the funds necessary to do the works.
So: FIFA still maintains Sao Paulo as a host (exclude Sao Paulo from the World Cup Brazil would be like exclusing Moscow from the World Cup Russia), Corinthians will build an stadium with cheap (or free) money; and Ricardo Teixeira keeps his friend happy.
The problems: the Federal Government will provide funds to a private party to build a private stadium; the new stadium will be in the distant suburb of Sao Paulo, lacking much infrastructure; it is uncertain whether or not the stadium will be ready for the World Cup.
Update, October 2012. The works in the stadium seem to be delayed (see photos further below). There are reports that Odebrecht is having trouble to obtain fundings (BNDES, the Brazilian official bank which will loan the money is questioning the collaterals offered by Odebrecht).
It is worthy noticing that Ricardo Teixeira resigned to CBF (charged with crimes), and was soon followed by Andre Sanches (who disagreed with the changing of the coach); so, Corinthians lost much of the political power they once had.

Official name: not defined yet.
Both Arena Itaquera and Itaquerao (the Bit Itaquera) have been used.
Corinthians already confirmed that selling the naming rights of the stadium will be an important source of revenue; no contract was signed yet.

Design: Coutinho Diegues Cordeiro Arquitetos.

Constructor: Odebrecht (also worked in Recife).

Estimated cost: R$ 900 million.
As Itaquerao is a private enterprise, Corinthians is not obliged to conduct public biddings, nor to disclose actual costs; also, the team has freedom (within limits imposed by FIFA) to change the design or the engineering of the stadium.

Matches and teams: Sao Paulo will host six matches of the World Cup Brazil 2014.
Sao Paulo managed to bring the opening match of the Cup to Itaquerao – the event, which will happen on June 12th 2014, should set new records of world audience, hence drawing lots of attention to the city.
Sao Paulo, however, will host less matches than Rio de Janeiro (which was expected, as Rio will host the final match) and also to Brasilia (which will host seven matches, including the dispute for third place).
Schedule of matches:
June 12th (Thursday): Brazil x
June 19th (Thursday):
June 23rd (Monday):
June 26th (Thursday):
July 1st (Tuesday): Round of 16
July 9th (Wednesday): Semi-final

Map of Itaquerao:

Photos and Images of Itaquerao.

Above: the stadium will be linked to the station Corinthians Itaquera of the Sao Paulo metro.


Above: the machines didn’t start working until May 2011 (photo: Sao Paulo Government).


Above: February 2012; according to the Brazilian Government, workers are doing three shifts (24 hours a day).

itaquerao-building
Above: October 2012 (source). Clearly, works are not going as fast as announced and expected. See notes on Controversies, a bit higher in this post, about the lack of funding.

More Information:
» World Cup in Sao Paulo.

Fonte Nova, Salvador

March 1, 2012

City: Salvador, capital of the State of Bahia.

Capacity: 55,000 attendants.
Salvador has two teams, Bahia and Vitoria, with two of the most passionate fans in Brazil; in matches between these two teams, or between one of them and other major Brazilian team, the attendance reaches full capacity.

Official name: Estádio Otávio Mangabeira.
Origin of name: Otávio Mangabeira was the Governor of Bahia when the stadium was inaugurated, in 1951.
Fonte Nova means “new fountain” in Portuguese; the stadium is situated near Itororó Dam (see photo above), where there used to be water fountains for public use.

Design: Setepla and Schulitz+Partner.

Constructors: Odebrecht (worked also in Recife) and OAS (worked also in Natal).

Estimated cost: R$ 785 million.

Matches and Teams: Salvador will host six matches of the World Cup 2014.
The Brazilian team may play here, but that’s unlikely (the team should finish second in the first stage).
Salvador and Bahia have probably the largest infrastructure of resorts in Brazil (accommodation with large space for training and leisure), and certainly several national teams will stay here during the Cup.
Dates of matches:
June 13th 2014 (Friday):
June 16th (Monday):
June 20th (Friday):
June 25th (Wednesday):
July 1st (Tuesday):
July 5th (Saturday):
If the works in the stadium progress as expected, Salvador will be also a host of the Confederations Cup 2013.

Update, November 2012: FIFA confirmed Salvador as a host city of the Confederations Cup.
Schedule of matches:
June 20th 2013 (Thursday): Uruguay x Africa champion
June 22th (Saturday): Brazil x Italy
June 30th (Sunday): decision of 3rd place

Map of Fonte Nova, Salvador:

Images and photos of Fonte Nova:

Above: Implosion of the old Fonte Nova, in August 2010. The stadium was already condemned since november 2007, when part of the structure collapsed during a match, killing seven people. Costs to rebuild the old stadium were high, and results doubtful. When FIFA announced Salvador as one host city, the decision was made to implode the old stadium and rebuild from scratch.


Above: Fonte Nova in February 2012 (photo: Odebrecht).

fonte-nova-building
Above: October 2012 (source). In December, it was informed that the works in Fonte Nova were 85% completed.

More information:
» World Cup in Salvador.